State Regulations: Florida
The Florida Geological Survey (FGS), within the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), has the responsibility to conserve the state's oil and gas resources and minimize environmental impacts from exploration and production operations through regulation and inspection activities. The FGS Oil and Gas Section oversees the exploration and production of oil and gas in Florida through a series of permits and inspection activities. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4 and the state jointly administer underground injection control programs.
Florida Geological Survey
Gunter Building, MS #720
903 West Tennessee Street
Tallahassee, FL 32304-7700
(850) 488-4191 (phone)
(850) 488-8086 (fax)
Oil and Gas Section
(850) 488-8217 (phone)
Florida Department of Environmental Protection
3900 Commonwealth Blvd.
Tallahassee, FL 32399
(850) 245-2086 (phone)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4
Sam Nunn Atlanta Federal Center
61 Forsyth Street, SW
Atlanta, GA 30303
(404) 562-9900 (phone)
(800) 241-1754 (phone)
Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations
The FDEP has comprehensive jurisdiction over environmental regulation. The FDEP Oil and Gas Rules have been promulgated in Chapters 62C-25 through 30 of the Florida Administrative Code).
- Disposal through Injection Wells. Construction and operation of Class II wells in Florida require permits from both the EPA Region 4 and FDEP. The principal FDEP requirements are contained in 62C-25.006, 62C-26.003, and 62C-29.002 (if password box appears, please hit "cancel" twice).
- No subsurface formation or zone will be approved for fluid disposal if total dissolved solids of the formation fluid do not equal or exceed 10,000 parts per million (ppm) and chloride content does not equal or exceed 5,000 ppm.
- As part of the application for a permit, the operator shall submit to the FDEP a written application containing detailed information with respect to the destination of the injection operation, the location of the proposed wells, the daily volume of saltwater injection volume, and the anticipated injection pressure, the chemical analysis of a formation-water sample in the case of proposed brine injection, and the adequacy of protection of freshwater aquifers.
- The operator shall measure the amount of saltwater injected into each disposal well and shall submit a Monthly Well Injection Report (Form 10A) to the FDEP within 25 days subsequent to the reported period.
- All injection wells shall be equipped with tubing and packer set no more than 100 feet above the injection zone unless otherwise specified by the Department.
- No injections shall be permitted using casing as the injection string, in the annulus between casing strings, or between casing and the well bore.
- The integrity of the casing and tubing strings for injection wells shall be pressure-tested.
- Each permit for an injection well shall include a condition specifying the upper limit of allowable pressure.
- In general, authorization to inject drilling fluids into drilled wells is contained within the Permit to Drill, although each operation is considered on a case-by-case basis.
- Offshore Areas. At present, Florida offshore areas are off-limits to drilling.
- Water Resource and Waste Management. The FDEP regulates water resource management and waste management in general.